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Applications installed from outside the App Store on the iPhone [EU Law]

A new law proposed by the European Commission could bring important changes to iOS and iPadOS. Applications installed outside the App Store on the iPhone and iPad would be a major change for the iOS and iPadOS operating systems developed by Apple. The European Union will adopt the Digital Markets Act, which through its provisions will...

Uniunea Europeana va adopta Digital Markets Act, care prin prevederile sale va forta compania americana Apple sa accepte instalarea de aplicatii pe iPhone si pe iPad si din alte surse din afara App Store.

Digital Markets Act (DMA) a fost propusa la jumatatea lunii decembrie 2020, iar zilele acestea s-a mai concretizat o etapa pana la adoptarea finala. Desigur, legea nu se refera explicit la compania Apple, insa acesta va fi fortata sa se alinieze legislatiei europene pentru produsele vandute in SEE (Spatiul Economic European).

Applications installed from outside the App Store on the iPhone [EU Law]
Timeline for DMA

As a short summary, currently iPhones are considered the most secure mobile phones against computer attacks. The security guarantee is given primarily by the restrictions present on iOS and iPadOS. The user can only install applications and games from the App Store. Apple's application and game store, where developers are carefully checked and must comply with many rules aimed at user protection.

What are the provisions of the DMA - The law that will force Apple to allow applications installed from outside the App Store on the iPhone

Este vorba despre o lege antitrust care obliga gatekeeper-ii, adica marii controlori de platforme online pentru aplicatii si jocuri (Google, Apple, Microsoft) sa permita instalarea de aplicatii software si din surse terte.

Noua lege DMA mai prevede ca utilizatorii sa poata instala aplicatii si din alte platforme, decat cele ale gatekeeper. Cu alte cuvinte, pe iOS este posibil ca pe langa App Store (by Apple) sa vedem si Google Play, Microsoft Store si alte platforme de jocuri si aplicatii.

O alta prevedere a Digital Markets Act va obliga gatekeeper-ii sa lase utilizatorilor libertatea sa aleaga ce platforma pentru instalare de aplicatii si jocuri doresc sa foloseasca. Nu o vor putea seta ca implicita pe cea proprie. Ca o mica paranteza, aceasta prevedere este aplicata si pe Windows, Mac, unde utilizatorii au libertatea sa aleaga ce Internet Browser vor sa foloseasca in mod implicit.

However, the Digital Markets Act also leaves gatekeepers the freedom to remove platforms and applications that are considered potential risk factors for the security of user data, which can lead to functional problems of the hardware components or the operating system.

So it is very possible that Apple users will still be protected. Apple has a real doctrine for security and privacy, and the company will be able to block malicious applications on iOS and iPadOS.

As of now, the DMA laws must go through three stages, followed by a fourth stage when it will practically come into effect, in March 2024.

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